The Distribution and Type Localities of Thai Cave Fauna: Part One: Millipedes

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This first part covers the millipedes that have been identified and described from Thai caves. It has been updated in October 2013 to include the Trachyjulus species.



Cave millipedes in CM0208 Tham Luang Mae Sap, Chiang Mai


Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Haplodesmidae
 
Eutrichodesmus cavernicola (Sinclair, 1901)
 
The two type localities are YA0007 Tham Mued (Gua Glap); Yala: Muang: Ban Na Tham: Wat Tham Khuha Pimak N06.528051° E101.226280° altitude.: 71m and YA0040 Tham Gua Tanan; Yala: Muang
 
 
Eutrichodesmus gremialis (Hoffman, 1982)
 
The type locality is CM0174, an unnamed cave in the Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary, but the co-ordinates in Enghoff (2005) place the cave at the edge of the hills to the east of Chiang Dao town.
Deharveng & Bedos (2000) record that the species has also recorded from CM0001 Tham Chiang Dao: Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao: Wat Tham Chiang Dao: Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary N19.393904° E098.927781° altitude: 460m
 
 
Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae
 
Desmoxytes purpurosea Enghoff, Sutcharit & Panha, 2007
 
The type and only known locality is in the doline at UT0038 Tham Tham Hup Pa Tard: Uthai Thani: Lan Sak: Khao Pla Ra Non-hunting Area N15.375530° E099.630716° altitude: 115m. It has not been recorded from underground.
 
 
Tylopus bispinosus Likhitrakarn, Golovatch, Prateepasen & Panha, 2010
 
Although the type location is on the surface near Umphang, Tak, Likhitrakam et al. (2010) also recorded seven paratypes from TA0016 Tham Takobi: Tak: Umphang: Ban Mae Khlong N16.052943° E098.821911° altitude: 545m
 
 
Tylopus perarmatus Hoffman, 1973
 
This millipede, which is widespread in northern Thailand, has been recorded from the following caves:
LA0001 Tham Pha Thai: Lampang: Ngao: Ban Thak: Tham Pha Thai National Park N18.607292° E099.469964° altitude: 400m
PA0001 Tham Pha Nang Khoi: Phrae: Rong Kwang: N18.371657° E100.351335° altitude: 260m
 
 
Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Polydesmidae
 
Polydesmus malaccanus Peters, 1864
 
Sinclair (1901) records the species from "From large cave, Bukit Jala, Jala District." This is probably one of the caves at Ban Na Tham, Muang, Yala.
 
 
Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalopsidae
 
Plusioglyphiulus antiquior Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is KA0082 Tham Wang Badan: Kanchanaburi: Sai Yok: Sai Yok National Park N14.264180° E099.067658° altitude: 450m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus bessoni Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2009
 
The type and only known locality is NA0066 Tham Phra: Nan: Muang: Pha Sing: Tham Phu Tub Forest Park N18.849998° E100.739005° altitude: 330m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus erawan Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type locality is LP0012 Tham Erawan: Lamphun: Pa Sang; Nakhon Chedi; Ban Huai Fai N18.327287° E098.871538° altitude: 545m
The species was also been identified from:-
LP0013 Tham Thip Nimit Ra: Lamphun; Pa Sang; Ban Huai Fai; Doi Hua Mot N18.355492° E098.879752° altitude: 481m
LP0001 Tham Luang Pha Wiang: Lamphun: Ban Hong; Pha Phlu; Ban Wang Luang N18.218321° E098.872309°
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus jaydee Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is KA0068 Tham Lawa: Kanchanaburi; Sai Yok; Wang Krachae; Sai Yok National Park N14.298976° E098.982457° altitude: 125m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus likhitrakarni Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is SK0046 Tham Phet Po Thong: Sa Kaeo; Khlong Hat; Ban Khao Din N13.530559° E102.325558° altitude: 220m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus panhai Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is PK0001 Tham Sai: Prachuap Khiri Khan: Kui Buri: Ban Khung Tanot; Sam Roi Yot National Park  N12.180270° E100.008216° altitude: 70m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus phra Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is PB0064 Tham Lab Lae: Phetchaburi; Tha Yang; Ban Nong Phlap; Tham Lap Lae Priest's Campsite N12.604038° E099.722537° altitude: 177m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus pimvichaiae Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is NS0038 Tham Khuha Sopon: Nakhon Sawan; Tak Fa; Wat Tham Khuha Sopon N15.284315° E100.449262° altitude: 170m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus puttakun Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is KK0002 Tham Pha Phuang 2: Khon Kaen; Chum Phae; Phu Pha Phuang; Phu Pha Man National Park N16.833157° E101.992730° alt.: 350m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus saksit Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is CH0002 Tham Ngoen 2: Chaiyaphum; Khon San; Ban Tham Ngoen N16.593236° E101.828856° altitude: 400m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus samakkee Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is RB0011 Tham Khao Bin: Ratchaburi; Muang; Hin Kong; Khao Bin N13.659459° E099.820158° altitude: 61m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus sutchariti Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is PA0001 Tham Pha Nang Khoi: Phrae: Rong Kwang: N18.371657° E100.351335° altitude: 260m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus tham Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is CH0012 Tham Kaeo: Chaiyaphum; Phakdi Chumphon; Ban Tham Keao; Tapo-Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary N15.9742° E101.4102° altitude: 355m
 
 
Plusioglyphiulus wat Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2011
 
The type and only known locality is RA0046 Tham Wat Bathun: Rayong; Klaeng; N12.8664° E101.7977° altitude: 80m
 

Trachyjulus calvus (Pocock, 1893)
 
There is an old record for this species from YA0006 Tham Khuha Pimak: Yala; Muang; Ban Na Tham; Wat Tham Khuha Pimak N06.5284° 101.2252° altitude: 67m.
A more recent record is from KA0069 Tham Dao Daung: Kanchanaburi; Sai Yok; Sai Yok National Park N14.4663° E098.8310° altitude: 252m


Trachyjulus phylloides Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2012

The type locality is RN0001 Tham Phra Ka Tang: Ranong; Kra Buri; Lamliang; Wat Tham Phra Kha Yang N10.3261° E098.7653° altitude: 25m.
The millipede has also been recorded from CP0015 Tham Kun Mung: Chumphon; Sawi; Napho N10.2167° E099.0999° altitude: 50m.


Trachyjulus singularis (Attem, 1938)

This species has been recorded from the following caves:
CT0060 Tham Wat Khao Wong: Chanthaburi; Kaeng Hang Maeo; Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park; Khao Wong N12.8810° E101.8194° altitude: 70m. 
CB0017 Tham Khao Cha-Ang: Chonburi; Bo Thong; Ban Khlong Kum; Wat Khao Cha-Ang N13.1992° E101.5796° altitude: 20m
CB0020 Tham Khao Cha-Ang Ha Yot: Chonburi; Bo Thong; Ban Khlong Kum; Wat Khao Ha Yot N13.1631° E101.5978° altitude: 90m
RA0044 Tham Khao Loi: Rayong; Khao Chamao; Khao Noi; Wat Tham Khao Loi N13.0570° E101.6070° altitude: 60m


Trachyjulus unciger Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & van den Spiegel, 2012

The type locality is PH0038 Tham Nam 1: Phang Nga; Thap Phut; Ban Tham Thong Lang N08.5442° E098.6027° altitude: 100m
It has also been recorded from:
PH0035 Tham Phet: Phang Nga; Thap Phut; Ban Tham Thong Lang N08.5463° E098.5775° altitude: 100m
PH0006 Tham Phung Chang: Phang Nga; Muang; Wat Praphay Prachimkhet N08.4428 E098.5151° altitude: 15m 
ST0004 Tham Phanthurat 1: Surat Thani; Phanom; Ban Bang Pu; Wat Tham Phanthurat N08.9004° E098.5252° altitude: 130m
PL0020 Tham Phu Pha Phet: Phattalung; Pa Bon; Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary; Ban Manag N07.1251° E099.9975° altitude: 40m


Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae
 
Thyropygus enghoffi (Demange, 1989)
 
The type locality is on the surface near PH0006 Tham Phung Chang: Phang Nga: Muang: Wat Praphat Prachimkhet N08.442838° E098.515136° altitude: 15m. As well as several other surface locations the millipede has also been recorded from PH0053 Tham Nam Phut: Phang Nga: Muang N08.464759 E098.541273° altitude: 15m
 

Thyropygus opinatus (Karsch, 1881)
 
Although recorded from several karst locations the only cave record is from PB0052 Tham Khao Na Kwang: Phetchaburi: Cha-am: Na Yang: Samnak Song Tham Khao Na Kwang N12.856001° E099.941997°
 
 
Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Sinocallipodidea
 
Sinocallipus thai Stoev, Enghoff, Panha & Fuangarworn, 2007
 
The type locality is SB0011 Tham Sri Wilai: Saraburi: Chaloem Phra Kiat: Ban Na Phra Lan: Wat Tham Sri Wilai N14.710576 E100.879480° altitude: 44m, but the species was collected on the surface, not underground.
 
  
References:
  1. Deharveng, L & Bedos, A (2000) "The Cave Fauna of Southeast Asia. Origin, Evolution and Ecology" in Wilkens, H, Culver, D C & Humphreys W F (eds.) "Ecosystems of the World Vol. 30: Subterranean Ecosystems" Elsevier Sciences B.V. ISBN 0 444 82299 2 pp603-632
  2. Demange, J M (1989) "Sur quelques Harpagophoridae du Sud-Est asiatique et de l’Inde (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Spirostreptoidea)" Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 4e séries Vol. 11 section A pp773–781
  3. Enghoff, H (2005) "The Millipedes of Thailand (Diplopoda)" Steenstrupia Vol. 29 No. 1 pp87-103
  4. Enghoff, H,  Sutcharit, C & Panha, S (2007) "The Shocking Pink Dragon Millipede, Desmoxytes purpurosea, A Colourful New Species From Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatida)" Zootaxa No. 1563 pp31-36
  5. Golovatch, S I, Geoffroy, J-J, Mauriés, J-P & van den Spiegel, D (2009a) "Review of the millipede family Haplodesmidae Cook, 1895, with descriptions of some new or poorly-known species (Diplopoda, Polydesmida)" ZooKeys Vol. 7 pp1-53
  6. Golovatch, S I, Geoffroy, J-J, Mauriés, J-P & van den Spiegel, D (2009b) "Review of the millipede genus Plusioglyphiulus Silvestri, 1923, with descriptions of new species from Southeast Asia (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Cambalopsidae)" Zoosystema Vol. 31 No. 1 pp71-116
  7. Golovatch, S I; Geoffroy, J-J, Mauriés, J-P & van den Spiegel, D (2011) "The millipede genus Plusioglyphiulus Silvestri, 1923 in Thailand (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Cambalopsidae)" Zootaxa Monograph 2940 63pp
  8. Golovatch, S I, Geoffroy, J-J, Mauriés, J-P & van den Spiegel, D (2012) "New or poorly-known species of the millipede genus Trachyjulus Peters, 1864 (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalopsidae)” Arthropoda Selecta Vol. 21 No. 2 pp103-129
  9. Hoffman, R L (1982) "A New Genus and Species of Doratodesmid Millipede from Thailand" Archives de Science, Genève Vol. 35 pp87-93
  10. Likhitrakarn, N, Golovatch, S I, Prateepasen, R & Panha, S (2010) "Review of the genus Tylopus Jeekel, 1968, with Descriptions of Five New Species from Thailand (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae)" ZooKeys 72 pp23-68
  11. Mauriés, J-P (1983) "Cambalides Nouveaux et Peu Connues d'Asie, D'Amérique et d'Océeanie. I. Cambalidae et Cambalopsidae (Myriapoda, Diplopoda)" Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 4th Series Vol. 5 Section A, pp247-276
  12. Pimvichai, P,  Enghoff, H & Panha, S (2009a) "A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part 1: the T. opinatus subgroup (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Harpagophoridae)" Zootaxa No. 2016 pp17-50
  13. Pimvichai, P,  Enghoff, H & Panha, S (2009b) "A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part 2: the T. bifurcus subgroup (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Harpagophoridae)" Zootaxa No. 2165 pp1-15
  14. Sinclair, F G (1901) “On the Myriapoda collected during the “Skeat Expedition” to the Malay Peninsular, 1899-1900” Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol. 71 Part 2 pp505
  15. Stoev, P, Enghoff, H, Panha, S & Fuangarworn, M (2007) "A Second Species in the Millipede Suborder Sinocallipodidea Shear, 2000 (Diplopoda; Callipodida)" Zootaxa No. 1450 pp63-68