The Caves of Tak Province

 

November 2006

 


 

 

00. Unknown Amphoe

 

Tham Wha Khu Kho                           TA.00

 

Tham Mor                                             TA.00

Length: 1,139m

 

01. Amphoe Muang Tak

 

Natural Rock Arch Bridge               TA.01001

47Q 0487100 1856200                           Alt.: 750m

Taksin Maharat National Park

Length: 10m

 

Tham Mae Sa Lang                             TA.01002

COT TA3

 

05. Amphoe Tha Song Yang

 

Tham Mae Usu                                     TA.05001

47Q 0410640 1913988                           Alt.: 125m

Ban Mae Usu

Length: 1,586m                     VR: 41m

COT TA1

 

Tham Lot                                               TA.05002

47Q 0433600 1893900                           Alt.: 175m

Ban Mae La

COT TA2

 

This through cave is located in the very large Karen refuge camp beside the road north of Mae Ramat.

 

Ban Thung Tham                                TA.05

47Q 0416700 1909000

Ban Mae Usu

 

Ban Nam Ork Ru                                TA.05

 

“Water Resurgence Village”.

 

06. Amphoe Mae Sot

 

Roadside Cave                                      TA.06

47Q 0472280 1852055                           Alt.: 450m

H105 between Tak and Mae Sot

Length: 10m                          VR: 3m

 

The cave is in a cliff right beside, and on the north side of, The H105 between Tak and Mae Sot. “Cave” is written in Thai at entrance.  The cave is in a yellow limestone with clay beds. It soon closes down.

 

Mar Kasa Waterfall Cave                  TA.06

47Q 0460734 1864280                           Alt.: 350m

Ban Mae Kasa

Length: 20m                          VR: 2m

 

A new two lane metalled road leads to a cliff with a tufa waterfall which was dry in February 2002.  Climbing above the waterfall you reach a small spring with warm water which is captured by a leat.  Above this is a short, shallow gorge in limestone with leads to a wide valley with fields.  The cave is at the lower end of the gorge.  This area needs to be looked at in more detail

 

Mae Kasa Waterfall Hot Spring       TA.06

47Q0460700 1864250                            Alt.: 340m

Ban Mae Kasa

 

Located above the tufa waterfall at the mouth of the gorge containing Mae Kasa Waterfall cave.  A concrete leat captures the warm water which comes up through gravel.

 

Mae Kasa Hot Spring                         TA.06

47Q 0461546 1866629                           Alt.: 220m

Ban Mae Kasa

 

This tourist attraction is well sign posted.  Turn off the road between Mae Sot and Mae Ramat towards Ban Mae Kasa.  Drive though the village and take the road that heads towards the cliffs.  The water is 73°C, hot enough to cook eggs.

 

Tham Mae Usa                                     TA.06

47Q 0461840 1866700                           Alt.: 450m

Bam Mae Kasa

Length: 1,019m                     VR: 88m

Other names: Tham Mae Kasa, Tham Mae Gasa

 

This has been recently developed as a tourist cave (300 baht per party) for a 1.5 hr tour of large chambers and passages.  Park at the well sign posted Mae Kasa Hot Springs were a guide can be found to take you to the cave.  There are over 850 steps to ascend to entrance, but the cave is impressive.  A series of large chambers descend steeply to a large passage which leads to a pool of water where the tour stops.  Wading the shallow pool gices access to around 100m of muddy passage that eventually chokes.

 

Cave in Cliff                                         TA.06

COT TA6

 

07. Amphoe Phop Phra

 

Phrop Phra Hotspring                        TA.07

 

08. Amphoe Umphang

 

Tham Tan Sa Na                                  TA.08

47Q 0471830 1770618                           Alt.: 690m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 300m                        VR: 3m

 

This is the resurgence for a large river just upstream from the Tan Sa Na waterfall.  The cave is mainly swimming and has been explored to sump after 300m of large passage.  Tham Tan Sa Na is almost certainly the resurgence for the A3 stream as it is at the same altitude and the river is the same milky white colour.

 

Tham A5                                               TA.08

47Q 0471756 1770707                           Alt.: 703m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 87m                          VR: 12m

 

10m above and slightly downstream of Tham Tan Sa Na.  Although the stream could be heard the connection was too tight.

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47Q 0471826 1770475                           Alt.: 710m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A small stream sink in the river bed upstream of Tham Tan Sa Na.

 

Tham A2                                               TA.08

47Q 0471641 1770661                           Alt.: 780m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 45m                          VR: 12m

 

A small relict cave on the ridge between the Huai Cho valley and the A3/A4 doline.

 

A8                                                           TA.08

47Q 0471744 1770353                           Alt.: 730m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

 

Tham A3                                               TA.08

47Q 0471406 1770656                           Alt.: 692m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 486m                        VR: 22m

 

This is the downstream in the A3/A4 doline into the stream sinks.  The water sinks at the base of a cliff and leads through large passage for a short distance to a downstream sump.  The water almost certainly resurges in Tham Tan Sa Na.  A dry series leads to overflow sinks and to a via an aven to a high level entrance.

 

Tham A4                                               TA.08

47Q 0471250 1770850                           Alt.: 694m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 380m                        VR: 15m

 

This is the upstream, resurgence cave for the stream in the A3/A4 doline.  300m of magnificent stream way leads to an upstream sump.  The source of the water is not known.

 

A6                                                           TA.08

47Q 0471340 1770640                           Alt.: 700m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

 

A9                                                           TA.08

47Q 0470753 1770525                           Alt.: 830m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A10                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470842 1770616                           Alt.: 840m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 10m                          VR: 10m

 

A11                                                        TA.08

47Q  0470784 1770709                          Alt.: 815m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A12                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470861 1770789                           Alt.: 810m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 10m                          VR: 10m

 

A13                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470850 177129                             Alt.: 770m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A14                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470863 1771348                           Alt.: 740m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A15                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470756 1771451                           Alt.: 770m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A16                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470805 1771465                           Alt.: 740m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A17                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470713 1771652                           Alt.: 750m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

A18                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470750 1771699                           Alt.: 780m

Tan Sa Na, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 3m

 

B1                                                           TA.08

47Q 0468180 1770720                           Alt.: 810m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B2                                                           TA.08

47Q 0469374 1770666                           Alt.: 820m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B3                                                           TA.08

47Q 0469419 1770389                           Alt.: 835m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B4                                                           TA.08

47Q 0466389 1773913                           Alt.: 860m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B5                                                           TA.08

47Q 0467010 1774336                           Alt.: 865m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B6                                                           TA.08

47Q 0466485 1774893                           Alt.: 850m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B7                                                           TA.08

47Q 0470681 1769779                           Alt.: 990m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 12m                          VR: 3m

 

B8                                                           TA.08

47Q 0470681 1759774                           Alt.: 925m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 5m

 

B9                                                           TA.08

47Q 0470575 1769706                           Alt.: 890m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B10                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470727 1769677                           Alt.: 890m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 23m                          VR: 6m

 

B11                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470416 1769456                           Alt.: 895m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 25m                          VR: 25m

 

B12                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470624 1768769                           Alt.: 870m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B13                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470593 1768751                           Alt.: 870m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B14                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470701 1768664                           Alt.: 885m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 5m                            VR: 5m

 

B15                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470661 1768641                           Alt.: 890m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B16                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470691 1768610                           Alt.: 890m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 5m                            VR: 5m

 

B17                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470646 1768597                           Alt.: 895m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B18                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470706 1768522                           Alt.: 885m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B19                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470731 1768451                           Alt.: 890m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

B20                                                        TA.08

47Q 0470889 1768419                           Alt.: 895m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

C1                                                           TA.08

47Q 0464961 1771078                           Alt.: 800m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 15m                          VR: 5m

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47Q 0465760 1777120                           Alt.: 870m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47Q 0467150 1778260                           Alt.: 850m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47Q 0466890 1777190                           Alt.: 850m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47Q 0465620 1775960                           Alt.: 800m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47Q 0466630 1780560                           Alt.: 930m

Ban Klo Tho, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

COT TA4

 

D1                                                           TA.08

47P 462763 1762481                              Alt.: 780m

Ban Chi Cho Chi, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Tham Loe Pu                                        TA.08

Monk’s  47P 486989 1764342              Alt.: 594m

Second   47P 486976 1764330              Alt.: 587m

Third      47P 486907 1764222              Alt.: 579m

Resurgence 47P 486939 1764343 Alt.: 568m

Fourth    47P 487140 1763989              Alt.: 595m

Bonfire   47P 487118 1763990             Alt.: 596m

Flood Overflow  47P 487149 1763997

                                                                Alt.: 587m

Upper Cave 47P 487184 1763991  Alt.: 597m

Huai Loe Pu, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 2,625m                     VR: 34m

 

Complex through cave with at least four streamways at two different levels.  Yunnan Beauty Snake in main cave and lots of other wildlife including crabs and crayfish in the stream.

 

Huai Loe Pu Main Sink                     TA.08

47P 0487102 1763955                            Alt.: 592m

Huai Loe Pu, Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 5m                            VR: 1m

 

The large stream sinks at the base of a cliff and sumps almost immediately.  This is almost certainly the stream seen in the main passage of Tham Loe Pu.

 

Tham G5                                               TA.08

47Q 0487549 1788475                           Alt.: 550m

Tham Glab

Length: 10m

 

Series of holes in outcrop near road.  At least one short through trip.  Not properly explored or surveyed.

 

Tham G3                                               TA.08

47Q 0487570 1788035                           Alt.: 560m

Tham Glab

Length: 21m                          VR: 1m

 

Entrance in isolated limestone hill beside the road.  Surveyed in 2003.

Barrett,  Ellis & King (2001).

 

Tham Glab                                            TA.08

Bamboo Bridge Entrance 47Q 488192 1784084                                                                Alt.: 566m

Leopard Entrance 47Q 487860 1784177                                                             Alt.: 538m

Tham Glab

Length: 798m                        VR: 34m

 

Guano Cave                                           TA.08

47Q 0488160 1784219                           Alt.: 550m

Tham Glab

 

G6                                                           TA.08

47Q 0488222 1784137                           Alt.: 545m

Tham Glab

 

G4                                                           TA.08

47Q 0487676 1784092                           Alt.: 535m

Tham Glab

Length: 3m

 

G2                                                           TA.08

47Q 0487011 1784054                           Alt.: 525m

 

Tham Mutalu                                        TA.08

Main       47P 478914 1767238              Alt.: 510m

Second   47P 478828 1767292             Alt.: 515m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 726m                        VR: 19m

 

Second entrance and another undescended pitch found in 2002.

 

Tham Mutalu Overflow Resurgence  TA.08

47P 0478924 1767173                            Alt.: 494m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 3m

 

Tham Mutalu Resurgence TA.08

47P 0479018 1767145                            Alt.: 482m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 85m                          VR: 2m

 

Sanctuary Sink                                   TA.08

47P 0477964 1767759                            Alt.: 527m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sanctuary Rock Shelter                    TA.08

47P 0478075 1767242                            Alt.: 600m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 10m                          VR: 1m

 

Fresh Water Spring                           TA.08

47P 0479350 1766540                            Alt.: 500m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

M7                                                          TA.08

47P 0480270 1762920                            Alt.: 460m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Rosswong Natural Bridge                 TA.08

47P 0480000 1762920                            Alt.: 460m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

CT Cave                                 TA.08

47P 0479890 1762785                            Alt.: 460m

Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Tham P1                                                TA.08

47P 0482574 1764983                            Alt.: 860m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

 

Tham P2                                                TA.08

47P 0482576 1764932                            Alt.: 860m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

 

Tham P3                                                TA.08

47P 0482601 1764893                            Alt.: 860m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

Length: 20m                          VR: 4m

 

Tham P4                                                TA.08

47P 0482493 1765216                            Alt.: 880m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

 

Bat Cave 1                                             TA.08

47P 0479932 1767697                            Alt.: 520m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

Length: 10m

 

Bat Cave 2                                             TA.08

47P 0479925 1767602                            Alt.: 520m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

Length: 20m

 

Bat Cave 3                                             TA.08

47P 0479911 1767568                            Alt.: 520m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

Length: 20m

 

Water Cave                                           TA.08

47P 0480145 1764125                            Alt.: 460m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

 

P9                                                           TA.08

47P 0460040 1764050                            Alt.: 460m

Khao Phoe Walu, Umphang

 

Pothole                                                  TA.08

47Q 0480892 1773418                           Alt.: 525m

Ban Mae Khlong

Length: 30m                          VR: 15m

 

Swallet Cave                                         TA.08

47Q 0480794 1773302                           Alt.: 510m

Ban Mae Khlong

Length: 45m                          VR: 2m

 

Through Cave                                      TA.08

47Q 0480910 1773200                           Alt.: 510m

Ban Mae Khlong

Length: 30m                          VR: 1m

 

T6                                                           TA.08

47Q 0480972 1773669                           Alt.: 540m

Ban Mae Khlong

 

Tham Pha Woe                                    TA.08

47Q 0483670 1770820                           Alt.: 600m

Ban Mae Khlong

 

Tham Mood                                           TA.08

47P 0485 1728

Mae Nam Mae Khlong

Length: 100m

 

According to reports from trekking guides the Mae Nam Mae Khlong river sinks into a large cave that soon sumps.

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47P 0493040 1752900                            Alt.: 780m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47P 0478520 1745950                            Alt.: 660m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Tham Huai Bi                                       TA.08

47P 0489000 1722300                            Alt.: 500m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 195m                        VR: 4m

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47P 0490920 1723770                            Alt.: 730m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Sink                                                       TA.08

47P 0498150 1715130                            Alt.: 827m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Huai Kho Sink                                     TA.08

47P 0494400 1732400                            Alt.: 915m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Huai Thip Tho Sink                            TA.08

47P 0493400 1734700                            Alt.: 910m

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Tham Than Lot                                    TA.08

47P 0505509 1702168

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 2,000m                     VR: 28m

 

Tiger Cave                                            TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Tham Molakot                                      TA.08

47P 0505235 1701597

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 921m                        VR: 24m

 

Tham Khang Khao No. 1                    TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 244m

 

Tham Khang Khao No. 2                    TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 35m

 

Tham Khang Khao No. 3                    TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Cave                                                       TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 169m

 

Tham Huai Mortaner                          TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

 

River Cave                                            TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 395m

 

Tham Nong Ma Ngu                            TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 163m

 

Tham Kangae Khi No. 1                     TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 103m

 

Tham Kangae Khi No. 2                     TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 155m

 

Tham Ta Sukhai No. 1                       TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 108m

 

Tham Ta Sukhai No. 2                       TA.08

Thungyai Naresuan East Wildlife Sanctuary

Length: 120m

 

Naresuan Uppatham                            TA.08

47P 0456100 1746375

 

 

 

 



 

 

References

 

Anon. (2000a) "Hidden Earth 1999: Caving in Thailand: Thungyai Karst Expedition" Caves & Caving No. 86 pp21-22

Anon. (2000c) "Umphang, The Land of Adventure" Trips Magazine No. 48 World Trip Co., Ltd., Bangkok ISSN 0859-5291

Anon. (2001f) "Natural Sites: Tak - Tham Mae Usu (Mae Usu Cave)" http://kanchanapisek.or.th/cgi-bin/kp8/oncc/text.cgi?no=389 [accessed January 2003 inaccessible September 2005]

Anon. (2002d) "Post Symposium Field Excursion" 4th International Symposium & Field Excursion IGCP Project 144 50pp

Anzanello, Ezio; Cadamuro, M. (1996) "Tham X e Altre Grotte" Speleologia Venata N.s. Vol. 4. pp94-95

Ball, Tim (2003) "Thailand Titbits" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Newsletter Vol. 40 No. 2 p35 Barrett, Dave (2001b) "Thailand 2001" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Newsletter Vol. 38 No. 2 p26

Barrett, Dave (2002) "Shepton Mallet Caving Club 2002 Thailand Expedition" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Newsletter Vol. 39 No. 1 p11

Barrett, Dave; Ellis, Martin; King, Steve (2001) "Thailand Expedition 2001 - Umphang District, Tak Province" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Occasional Publication No. 9

Borowsky, Richard (1998a) "Survey of the Cave Fishes of South-Western and Peninsular Thailand, March 1998" Unpublished report for Royal Forest Department 16pp

Braun, E. von; Jordan, R. (1976) "The Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Meozoic Sequence in the Mae Sot Area in Western Thailand" Geologisches Jahrbuch Reihe B Heft 21 pp5-51

Brooks, Simon (2000b) "Surveying with Snakes" Descent No. 155 p34

Brooks, Simon (2002) "Thailand 1998-1999. Thungyai Naresuan W.L. Sanctuary & Thung Salaeng Luang N.P." The International Caver 2001 pp74-76

Collett, Phil (2003). "[Natural Rock Bridge, Taksin Maharat National Park, Tak]" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Newsletter Vol. 40 No. 2 p22

Dunkley, John Robert (1995) "The Caves of Thailand" Speleological Research Council, Sydney ISBN 0-9589253-9-9 124pp

Ellis, Martin (2003) "The SMCC Expeditions To Umphang & Mae Sot, Tak Province, Thailand" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Journal Series 11 No. 3 pp75-138

Ellis, Martin; King, Steve; Barrett, Dave (2002) "Field Observations from Some Caves in Umphang District, Tak Province, Thailand" Cave & Karst Science Vol. 28 No. 3 pp121-130

Ellis, Martin; King, Steve; Waters, Ed; Barrett, Dave; Fitch, Terence (2002) "Thailand 2002 Expedition Report" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Journal Series 11 No. 1 pp1-29

Goodden, Christian (2002) "Three Pagodas" 2nd revised & expanded edition, Jungle Books (Halesworth), England ISBN 0-9527393-4-1 448pp

Jackson, P. (1985) "Dam on the River Kwai" Bangkok Post 3 Jan 1985 p4

Kanchanagama, P., et. al. (1996a) "Report on the Archaeological Survey at Upper Quae Yai River (Nam Jone)" Fine Arts Department, Bangkok

Kanchanagama, P., et. al. (1996b) "Report on the Survey of Archaeological Sites & Environment at Upper Quae Yai River (Nam Jone), Umphang District, Tak Province" Fine Arts Department, Bangkok, 29pp

Karnjanatawe, K. (2004a) "Natural Hideout" Bangkok Post 1 January 2004

Kasem, S. (2003) "Visitor Limit Planned To Save Waterfall. Ti Lor Su Damaged By Daily Crowds" Bangkok Post 17 Oct 2003

Meesook, A. & Grant-Mackie, Jack (1996) "Marine Jurassic Lithostratigraphy of Thailand" Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences Vol. 14 No. 5 pp377-391

Smart, Dean; Cunningham, Robert (2002) "Caves of Southern Thailand" Royal Forestry Department, Bangkok Unpublished report 33pp

Smart, Dean (2002a) "Thungyai Naresuan Cave Surveying Project: Final Report" Royal Forestry Department, Bangkok unpublished report 180pp

Waters, Ed (2003) "Thailand 2003" Shepton Mallet Caving Club Newsletter Vol. 40 No. 2 pp33-4

Weeradet, Thanin (2001) "Mountains and Mist Make Tak a Treasure" Bangkok Post 4 January 2001

Weeradet, Thanin (2005) "Test of Endurance" Bangkok Post 8 September 2005